a. Timothy Swan, who accused many of his neighbors in Andover of
afflicting him, is buried here (Plate 28). His epitaph reads: "Timothy
Swan Died February ye 2 1692/3 & in ye 30 year of His Age." His
is the only marked gravesite of an accuser known today. The peculiar
notation of dates on these gravestones is worth mentioning. In the seventeenth
century, England and her colonies officially began the New Year on March
25. The last day of the year fell on March 24. Around 1690, an impetus
arose to adopt the Gregorian calendar and begin the New Year on January
1 instead of March 25. Consequently, dates in January, February, and
early March during this time were often given fractional notations,
such as 1692/3: still 1692 under the old calendar but under the new
calendar already 1693. January 1 was not officially made the first day
of the year in English North America until 1752.
b. Reverend Thomas Barnard,
Andover's assistant minister in 1692, is buried here beneath a simple headstone
(Plate 27). Barnard graduated from
Harvard College in I679 and came to Andover in 1682, joining Reverend
Francis Dane. Barnard was present at the Andover meetinghouse during
some of the examinations there. The accused were blindfolded, led
before the afflicted girls, and made to touch them. It was presumptive
proof of witchcraft if the witch's touch cured the girls' fits. The
meetinghouse where these examinations took place stood on the triangular
plot of land across from the cemetery at the intersection of Academy
Road and Court Street. Barnard's epitaph reads: "Here Lyes Buried
ye Body of ye Revernd Mr Thomas Barnard Who Departed this Life Octor
13th Anno Domi 1718 AEtatis Suae 62."
c. "Here Lyes Buried The Body of William Barker
Who Died March The 4th
1718 In 73rd Year of His Age" (Plate 35). William Barker, Sr.
was arrested and examined for witchcraft in Salem on 29 August 1692.
He readily confessed to the charge. He told the magistrates that the
witches' "design was to Destroy Salem Village, and to begin at
the Ministers House, and to destroy the Church of God, and to set
up Satan's Kingdom, and then all will be well." Despite his confession,
Barker survived the hysteria.
d. William Barker, Jr., who was only fourteen at the time of the hysteria,
is also buried here. He was examined on 1 September 1692 and, like
his father, confessed. He had so recently converted to witchcraft,
he told the magistrates, that he had not been iu the snare of the
Devil above six Dayes. Young Barker was released on bail in January
1693 and was tried the following May in Ipswich. He was acquitted.
His epitaph reads: "Here Lies Buried the Body of Mr William Barker
Who Died Janry 16 1745 In 67 Year Of His Age."