Primary Sources

  • Boyer, Paul and Stephen Nissenbaum. Salem-Village Witchcraft. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1972.

  • Calef, Robert. More Wonders of the Invisible World: or the Wonders of the Invisible World Displayed. In Five Parts. London, England: Printed for Nath. Hillar, and Joseph Collier, 1700. Accessed June 1, 2019.

  • Hale, John. A Modest Enquiry into the Nature of Witchcraft. Carlisle, MA: Applewood Books edition. Originally published in 1702.

  • Mather, Cotton. On Witchcraft: The Wonders of the Invisible World, Being an Account of the Tryals of Several Witches Lately Executed in New England. Mineola, New York: Dover Books edition, 2005. Originally published in 1693.

  • Trask, Richard B. “The Devil hath been raised”: A Documentary History of the Salem Village Witchcraft Outbreak of March 1692. Danvers, MA: Yeoman Press, 1992.

Secondary Sources

  • Baker, Emerson W. A Storm of Witchcraft: The Salem Trials and the American Experience. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2015.

  • Boyer, Paul and Stephen Nissenbaum. Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft. Cambridge, MA: The President and Fellows of Harvard College, 1974.

  • Hill, Frances. A Delusion of Satan: The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trials. Boston, MA: Da Capo Press, 1995.

  • Hill, Frances. Hunting for Witches: A Visitor’s Guide to the Salem Witch Trials. Carlisle, MA: Commonwealth Editions, 2002.

  • Hill, Frances. The Salem Witch Trials Reader. Boston, MA: Da Capo Press, 2000.

  • Karlsen, Carol F. The Devil in the Shape of a Woman: Witchcraft in Colonial New England. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1987.

  • Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NY: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1953.

  • Norton, Mary Beth. In the Devil’s Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692. New York, NY: Random House, Inc., 2002.

  • Phillips, James Duncan. Salem in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge, MA: The Riverside Press, 1933.

  • Roach, Marilynne K. A Map of Salem Village & Vicinity in 1692. Watertown, MA: Sassafrass Grove, 1999.

  • Roach, Marilynne K. The Salem Witch Trials: A Day-by-Day Chronicle of a Community. Lanham, MD: Taylor Trade Publishing, 2004.

  • Roach, Marilynne K. Six Women of Salem: The Untold Story of The Accused and Their Accusers in the Salem Witch Trials. Boston, MA: Da Capo Press, 2013.

  • Tapley, Harriet Silvester. Chronicles of Danvers: Old Salem Village. Danvers, MA: The Danvers Historical Society, 1923.

  • Upham, Charles W. Salem Witchcraft. Boston: Wiggin and Lunt, 1867.

  • Webber, Carl and Winfield S. Nevins. Old Naumkeag: Historical Sketch of the City of Salem and the Surrounding Towns. Salem MA: A&A Smith and Boston, MA: Lee & Shepard, 1877.

  • Wells, John A. The Peabody Story: Events in Peabody’s History, 1626-1972. Salem, MA: The Essex Institute, 1972.

Website Sources

Special thanks to: Kelly Daniell of the Peabody Historical Society; Candice Dawes of the Rebecca Nurse Homestead; Sue Goganian of Historic Beverly; Elizabeth Peterson of the Witch House; Everett Philbrook of The House of the Seven Gables; Libby Potter of the Samuel Holten House; Marilynne Roach; Richard Trask of the Danvers Archival Center